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होकुदाई बिसौनी

नयाँ अंक

अंक ४, कर्तिक २०६१

विषय सुचि

मुख्य पृष्‍ठ
यात्रा संस्मरण

सोध सारंश









































































































































































































Hokudai Bisauni is a biannual (Nepali New Year and Dashain) publication of HUNSA.

Opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not reflect policy of HUNSA. 

               होकुदाई बिसौनी
अंक ४, कर्तिक २०६१

A delicious Russian  sour soup (Solyanka)

                                                                                                           Olga Giri

Solyanka is one of the popular and delicious non-veg soups of Russian kitchen. Different kinds of marinade or sauerkraut are used to prepare this soup, so it is known as “Solyanka”.


Marrow-bone; 4 pints bullion (2 liters); 3-4 pcs. sausages; 400 gm. chicken fillet (or other meat); 2 onions; 2 pickled cucumbers; 3 tbsp. tomato paste; 3 tbsp. olive oil (butter or vegetable oil is also ok); 8 canned black or green olives; 10 black peppercorns; bay leaf; salt; herbs (parsley, coriander etc); spices (optional); 4 tbsp. sour cream or just curd; 1/2 lemon

How to prepare?

Prepare marrow-bone broth (one can use any kind of bone). If there is odd smell, remove first broth and boil with fresh water again for 30 minutes. Add spices into broth according to one’s taste (optional). Carve the chicken fillet/meat and sausages into fine slices.  Shred the onions into semi-rings and fry without letting the onion brown. Cut into slices the pickled cucumbers and boil a little. Put the slightly fried onion and tomato paste, slightly boil cucumbers, meat ingredients, herbs (parsley, coriander etc), black peppercorns and boil for 5-10 minutes. Then add olives (without the stones) into broth. It is highly recommended to add a little bit of canned capers. Important thing - the soup should be thick enough, a little bit viscid.  Serve with sour cream/curd, a ring of lemon (peeled), and finely chopped herbs in a plate.

   If you are going to eat fresh cooked solyanka at once you can follow the recipe above. If you want to stand a treat to your friends in a day or two it is better to keep separately onion-cucumber-tomato mixture, broth and chopped meat mixture. Just before serving join all - it will take you a few minutes but you and your friends can enjoy fresh delicious solyanka.

A bit expensive but rather tasty!

Have a good appetite!!


Write a love letter - resolve your problems/co-dependent behavior

Bijay Giri
Division of Mechanical Science,

 Graduate School of Engineering

Given below are some phrases categorized according to some common behavior patterns. Most of us are engaged with such situations creating barrier to our actual necessary actions. Scientists say that if you express your common behaviors and try to understand yourself, it resolves most of your barriers to your positive actions. So please try to write love letter first to yourself, and then to others in your surroundings so as to understand yourself and others and feel better within yourself.

Begin by expressing your anger, resentment and blame and allow yourself to move through the other levels until you get down to the love. Each love-letter has five parts and the lead-in phrases given here may help you.

1. Anger and Blame

            I don’t like it when ………..

            I resent…………

            I hate it when……….

            I’m fed up with…..

            I’m tired of……

            I want…….

2. Hurt and Sadness

            I feel sad when…..

            I feel hurt because…..

            I feel awful because……

            I feel disappointed because…..

            I want……

3. Fear and Insecurity

            I feel afraid….

            I’m afraid that…..

            I feel scared because….

            I don’t understand…..

            I want…….

4. Guilt and Responsibility

            I’m sorry that…..

            I’m sorry for…..

            Please forgive me for…….

            I didn’t mean to……

            I want……..

5. Love, Forgiveness, Understanding and Desire

            I love you because…..

            I love when…..

            Thank you for…..

            I understand that….

            I forgive you for……

            I want…..

            I am willing to……

Remember, if you want to feel better, write a love letter to yourself as frequently as you can.

(Adopted from “The 20% Solution”, R. M. Dittler)


How to elicit someone’s strategy

-  Bijay Giri
Division of Mechanical Science,
Graduate School of Engineering

Scientific researches have shown that one can figure out anyone’s mental syntax with some practices – one can open the combination to the vault of other’s mind or his/her own by thinking like a master locksmith does. For this, you have to look for things you weren’t seeing before, listen for things you weren’t hearing before, feel things you weren’t feeling before, and ask the questions you didn’t know to ask before. If you do that elegantly and attentively, you can elicit anyone’s strategies in any situation. Before you can effectively elicit strategies, you must know what to look for, what the clues that tell which part of a person’s nervous system s/he is using at any moment. It’s also important to recognize some of the common tendencies people develop and to use them to create greater rapport and results.

In fact, people tend to use a particular part of their neurology – Visual, Auditory, or Kinesthetic – more than others. Just as some people are right-handed and others are left-handed, people tend to favor one mode over the others. And before eliciting someone’s strategies, the key is to find out others main representational system – visual, auditory or kinesthetic.

Below listed are some of the common characteristics people use. Everyone has elements of all these three modes, but most people have one system that dominates. Try to find out which category you belong to most and then try to mirror others.


1.      Enjoys books and pictures.

2.      Keeps a tidy work area.

3.      Puts things back where they belong.

4.      Can be relied upon to deliver messages promptly.

5.      Finds items other people lose.

6.      Catches typographical errors.

7.      Remembers you mislaid books, chalks and erasers.

8.      Lets you know you have an article of clothing out of order or smudge on chin.

9.      S/he is one of the first to find the right page in a book.

10.  Copies neighbor’s paper, mistakes and all.

11.  Uses balance, has good spatial arrangement, and perspective at higher levels.

Eye Movement: Up right/left

Breathing: High Chest

Speech Rate: Rapid


1.      Talks to self frequently or read out loud.

2.      Wins spelling bees.

3.      Tells stories and events interestingly.

4.      Sings beautiful words and tunes; keeps his/her place in a round and harmonizes when older.

5.      Tells his/her address and phone number easily.

6.      Calls home and finds out when s/he needs to know.

7.      Has a rich speaking vocabulary (sounds old for his/her age).

8.      Plays with words – makes up rhyming nicknames for friends or foes, singsongs, jumps rope, chants.

9.      Acts like “the boss” telling peers and others what to do, how to play.

10.  Likes poems, riddles, and jokes.

Eye Movement: Side right/left

Breathing: Mid Chest

Speech Rate: Moderate


1.      Thumps peer on arm/back in friendship, nudges friends in fun.

2.      Doesn’t break pencil point in middle of a lesson.

3.      Takes gadgets to pieces and puts them back together again.

4.      Likes to play with clay; enjoys the sandbox.

5.      Heads for the monkey bars, parallel bars, rope climbing.

6.      Doesn’t spill paint, glue or milk at snack time/coffee at break.

7.      Uses a handkerchief or napkin without being told.

8.      Uses his/her fists before his/her mouth in an argument with peers.

9.      Feels or touches everything s/he walks past or stands near.

Eye Movement: Low left or right

Breathing: Low Chest

Speech Rate: Slow

With little practice, just by watching people and listening to what they say, one can get an immediate impression of which system they are using. So try to figure out about one’s communication strategy and present your message in a way that gets through.
(Adopted from: “Unlimited Power”, Anthony Robbins)


Do you have dandruff?

@ Gita Bhandari
Prakashpur, Sunsari, Nepal

What is dandruff?

Dandruff, “kapal ko chaya,” is characterized by small, loose flakes of dead skin on the scalp or trapped in the hair. Dandruff is not dangerous. Dandruff is a natural process. However in some cases it is caused by a yeast infection of the skin. If it is flaky only in one place or several separate places then you probably have another skin problem rather than dandruff. Dandruff is not infectious. It often goes away quite suddenly and it does not make you hairless. It may take a little while to combat it successfully. Dandruff may get worse if you neglected it.

How do you know? 

Well, dandruff usually appears as an oily gray or yellow stuff that clumps together in little balls, or is real powdery and fine.  Flakes are usually just dry scalp.  A simple test that you can take the next time you wash your hair, after you blot dry the hair, comb it. Dry scalp will for the most part have washed away and you will see few, if any flakes while you are combing the hair.  If on the other hand you still see a substantial amount of stuff in your hair while combing it wet, indicates you have dandruff. Once you confirmed about your dandruff, don't share towels or combs with anyone.

What causes the dandruff?

Dandruff is a minor problem but it can be embarrassing. Dandruff may be caused by several different factors, but the exact underlying cause of dandruff is unknown or is at least not agreed upon by the medical establishment. One possible cause of dandruff may be sensitivity to, or overgrowth of, a fungus present on the scalp. Another possible cause may be overactive oil glands on the scalp, which cause an increase of the natural skin shedding process. Poor diet, poor hygiene, genetic disposition, hormonal imbalances and infections may all possibly contribute to dandruff. Some external contributors to dandruff may include infrequent shampooing of the hair or inadequate hair rinsing, improper use of hair-coloring products, cold weather and dry environment. 

What you can do yourself?

Dandruff can disappear suddenly without treatment or may take multiple weeks of treatment to improve. Prevention of dandruff may be achieved by shampooing regularly with a mild, non-medicated shampoo.  Stronger anti-dandruff shampoos and lotions are also available in market. When you shampoo, rub vigorously. Regardless of the dandruff shampoo you are using, a little hard rubbing can enhance its effectiveness. When you wash your hair, lather once, rinse, lather a second time and really rub your scalp as you shampoo. Your fingers will help dislodge excess cells. After you lather a second time, let the shampoo sit on your head for at least five minutes. That way, you give the anti-dandruff ingredients time to work. After you have loosened all those little cells, rinse and rinse again. Shampoo daily. The more frequently you shampoo, the better. It prevents your scalp from accumulating dead cells that will precipitate a major outbreak.

If the above treatment has not helped after 6 weeks, if the flakes are not over the whole scalp but just in one or more places, if you have scabs on the scalp, you are advised to visit the doctors.
(Sources: Health and nutrition bulletin)

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